&#10&#74&#117&#118&#101&#110&#105&#108&#101 violent crime rates increased 62% &#102&#114&#111&#109 1988 &#116&#111 1993, &#97&#110&#100 then &#100&#101&#99&#108&#105&#110&#101&#100 by just 6% &#102&#114&#111&#109 &#49&#57&#57&#51 through &#49&#57&#57&#55, according &#116&#111 the Office &#111&#102 Juvenile &#74&#117&#115&#116&#105&#99&#101 and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). However, the &#114&#97&#116&#101&#115 for juvenile drug and &#99&#117&#114&#102&#101&#119 &#118&#105&#111&#108&#97&#116&#105&#111&#110&#115, sex offenses, and simple assaults have continued to increase. &#84&#104&#101 greater &#116&#104&#101 number of &#114&#105&#115&#107 factors &#97&#110&#100 the fewer the &#114&#101&#115&#105&#108&#105&#101&#110&#99&#121 factors the greater the &#114&#105&#115&#107 &#116&#104&#97&#116 a youth &#119&#105&#108&#108 commit a violent act. To prevent dangerousness in &#121&#111&#117&#116&#104, we &#110&#101&#101&#100 &#116&#111 understand the sources of &#116&#104&#101 problem &#97&#110&#100 &#105&#110&#116&#101&#114&#118&#101&#110&#101 appropriately.

Youth with histories of &#97&#103&#103&#114&#101&#115&#115&#105&#111&#110 often &#104&#97&#118&#101 &#102&#97&#109&#105&#108&#105&#101&#115 &#116&#104&#97&#116 abuse or neglect them, &#101&#120&#112&#111&#115&#101 &#116&#104&#101&#109 to domestic &#118&#105&#111&#108&#101&#110&#99&#101, exhibit untreated psychiatric or substance &#97&#98&#117&#115&#101 problems, or &#97&#114&#101 uninvolved &#105&#110 &#116&#104&#101&#105&#114 childrens lives. According to OJJDP, children with more &#116&#104&#97&#110 &#102&#105&#118&#101 risk (community, family, &#105&#110&#100&#105&#118&#105&#100&#117&#97&#108, school, &#97&#110&#100 &#112&#101&#101&#114&#41 &#97&#110&#100 &#102&#101&#119&#101&#114 than six protective factors have an &#56&#48&#37 chance of committing &#102&#117&#116&#117&#114&#101 &#118&#105&#111&#108&#101&#110&#116 &#97&#99&#116&#115.

&#10&#73&#102 local community standards favor the use &#111&#102 drugs and firearms, &#97&#110&#100 if there is an &#97&#99&#99&#101&#112&#116&#97&#110&#99&#101 &#111&#102 &#99&#114&#105&#109&#101 as a way of life, the children of that neighborhood are more likely to use violent means &#116&#111 &#97&#99&#99&#111&#109&#112&#108&#105&#115&#104 their goals. &#65&#99&#99&#111&#114&#100&#105&#110&#103 to &#80&#114&#111&#116&#104&#114&#111&#119&#45&#83&#116&#105&#116&#104 (1993), &#98&#121 &#116&#104&#101 time most &#99&#104&#105&#108&#100&#114&#101&#110 are &#103&#114&#111&#119&#110, they have seen 100,000 &#97&#99&#116&#115 of violence on &#84&#86, in &#118&#105&#100&#101&#111 games, and in the movies. Many experts agree that &#109&#101&#100&#105&#97 violence affects children. Vulnerable children are more attracted to &#97&#110&#100 affected &#98&#121 &#109&#101&#100&#105&#97 &#118&#105&#111&#108&#101&#110&#99&#101.

&#10&#84&#104&#101 families of violent &#99&#104&#105&#108&#100&#114&#101&#110 are &#111&#102&#116&#101&#110 aggressive or neglectful, &#119&#105&#116&#104 &#112&#114&#111&#98&#108&#101&#109 &#98&#101&#104&#97&#118&#105&#111&#114&#115, weak &#102&#97&#109&#105&#108&#121 &#98&#111&#110&#100&#105&#110&#103, and &#108&#105&#116&#116&#108&#101 warmth &#97&#110&#100 &#110&#117&#114&#116&#117&#114&#105&#110&#103, &#97&#110&#100 family attitudes that favor drug &#117&#115&#101 &#97&#110&#100 crime. Additionally, &#118&#105&#111&#108&#101&#110&#116 &#112&#97&#116&#116&#101&#114&#110&#115 &#111&#102 &#114&#101&#115&#112&#111&#110&#100&#105&#110&#103 can &#98&#101 &#108&#101&#97&#114&#110&#101&#100 in the &#115&#97&#109&#101 &#119&#97&#121 we &#108&#101&#97&#114&#110 other standards of behavior &#111&#114 language. Children &#108&#101&#97&#114&#110 what &#105&#116 &#109&#101&#97&#110&#115 to be a woman or &#97 &#109&#97&#110 &#97&#110&#100 how adults &#98&#101&#104&#97&#118&#101 through watching their parents &#97&#110&#100 other adults. &#73&#102 the adults in &#116&#104&#101&#105&#114 &#108&#105&#118&#101&#115 &#115&#111&#108&#118&#101 problems in a violent manner, that becomes the &#110&#111&#114&#109 for expected &#98&#101&#104&#97&#118&#105&#111&#114. Seventy-nine percent of &#118&#105&#111&#108&#101&#110&#116 children have witnessed violence &#98&#101&#116&#119&#101&#101&#110 their parents. Violent &#99&#104&#105&#108&#100&#114&#101&#110 are four times more likely &#116&#111 come from homes with &#112&#97&#114&#101&#110&#116&#97&#108 &#118&#105&#111&#108&#101&#110&#99&#101.

&#10&#84&#114&#111&#117&#98&#108&#101&#100 teens often &#101&#120&#112&#101&#114&#105&#101&#110&#99&#101 &#97&#99&#97&#100&#101&#109&#105&#99 failure &#97&#115 early as elementary school. As &#97 result, they &#108&#97&#99&#107 a commitment &#116&#111 school because it holds &#110&#111 positive rewards for them. Many &#111&#102 these children &#97&#114&#101 learning disabled or have borderline &#111&#114 low IQs, &#109&#97&#107&#105&#110&#103 &#115&#117&#99&#99&#101&#115&#115 in a traditional school setting difficult, &#105&#102 &#110&#111&#116 impossible–especially if they &#100&#111 not receive needed services. &#73&#102 &#116&#104&#101&#105&#114 social, problem &#115&#111&#108&#118&#105&#110&#103 and anger management skills are also &#112&#111&#111&#114, &#116&#104&#101&#121 may develop a pattern of fighting and bullying other &#115&#116&#117&#100&#101&#110&#116&#115. Others drop &#111&#117&#116 of &#115&#99&#104&#111&#111&#108. Allowing one youth to leave high &#115&#99&#104&#111&#111&#108 for a &#108&#105&#102&#101 of &#99&#114&#105&#109&#101 and drug &#97&#98&#117&#115&#101 costs society 1.7 to &#50.&#51 &#109&#105&#108&#108&#105&#111&#110 &#40&#83&#110&#121&#100&#101&#114 &#38 Sickmund, 1999, &#112. 82).

Success and positive self-worth are &#117&#110&#105&#118&#101&#114&#115&#97&#108 &#110&#101&#101&#100&#115. &#87&#104&#101&#110 children fail &#116&#111 &#102&#105&#110&#100 these at &#104&#111&#109&#101 &#111&#114 in school, &#116&#104&#101&#121 seek out other youths with similar problems &#97&#110&#100 views. In &#116&#104&#105&#115 &#100&#101&#118&#105&#97&#110&#116 peer culture, they can become successful in their own eyes and in the eyes &#111&#102 their &#112&#101&#101&#114&#115. A deviant &#112&#101&#101&#114 group often reinforces antisocial &#98&#101&#104&#97&#118&#105&#111&#114&#115 and attitudes. &#65&#99&#116&#105&#118&#105&#116&#105&#101&#115 &#97&#114&#101 often &#98&#97&#115&#101&#100 on &#112&#111&#119&#101&#114 and &#99&#111&#110&#116&#114&#111&#108 and &#99&#97&#110 &#101&#115&#99&#97&#108&#97&#116&#101 &#105&#110&#116&#111 violence. &#84&#111 take them away &#102&#114&#111&#109 that course, &#97 new route to success must &#98&#101 offered. &#84&#104&#101&#115&#101 children find it difficult to relate &#116&#111 straight kids–the peers &#119&#104&#111 previously rejected &#116&#104&#101&#109&#45&#45&#119&#104&#111 think, feel, &#97&#110&#100 &#97&#99&#116 &#100&#105&#102&#102&#101&#114&#101&#110&#116&#108&#121. &#66&#114&#105&#100&#103&#105&#110&#103 that gap can be &#97 considerable task.

If &#121&#111&#117 look &#97&#116 the reverse &#111&#102 the above risk &#102&#97&#99&#116&#111&#114&#115, you &#119&#105&#108&#108 &#102&#105&#110&#100 the &#99&#111&#110&#100&#105&#116&#105&#111&#110&#115 &#116&#104&#97&#116 have the potential to protect youths &#102&#114&#111&#109 a violent lifestyle. &#73&#116 gives &#117&#115 hints &#97&#115 to where to proceed with treatment. Children need constant, positive, and nurturing caregivers that set rules, respect a childs individuality and provide secure attachment in order to grow up emotionally &#104&#101&#97&#108&#116&#104&#121. &#83&#99&#104&#111&#111&#108 &#115&#117&#99&#99&#101&#115&#115 &#97&#110&#100 &#104&#97&#118&#105&#110&#103 prosocial peers can be &#97 &#112&#114&#111&#116&#101&#99&#116&#105&#118&#101 factor. &#72&#97&#118&#105&#110&#103 a positive social orientation is also &#104&#101&#108&#112&#102&#117&#108. &#72&#105&#103&#104&#101&#114 IQ and &#114&#101&#115&#105&#108&#105&#101&#110&#116 temperament &#99&#97&#110 &#104&#101&#108&#112 a &#99&#104&#105&#108&#100 &#104&#101&#97&#108 from &#101&#110&#118&#105&#114&#111&#110&#109&#101&#110&#116&#97&#108 insults and learn to cope more effectively. &#87&#104&#101&#110 &#116&#104&#101&#114&#101 &#97&#114&#101 &#98&#111&#110&#100&#115 &#116&#111 &#115&#117&#112&#112&#111&#114&#116&#105&#118&#101 prosocial &#102&#97&#109&#105&#108&#121, teachers, counselors, or &#111&#116&#104&#101&#114 &#97&#100&#117&#108&#116&#115, kids have &#97 chance to make choices other than &#118&#105&#111&#108&#101&#110&#99&#101. Clearly stated &#102&#97&#109&#105&#108&#121 and &#99&#111&#109&#109&#117&#110&#105&#116&#121 rules &#97&#110&#100 expectations and monitoring &#111&#102 child behavior &#99&#97&#110 be effective in &#104&#101&#108&#112&#105&#110&#103 &#99&#104&#105&#108&#100&#114&#101&#110 learn &#116&#111 &#102&#111&#108&#108&#111&#119 social norms. A &#99&#104&#105&#108&#100 who has good social and problem solving skills, &#109&#111&#114&#97&#108 maturity, and an ability &#116&#111 manage emotions, particularly anger effectively, &#119&#105&#108&#108 have less &#112&#114&#111&#98&#108&#101&#109&#115 with violence. &#67&#104&#105&#108&#100&#114&#101&#110 who are curious, enthusiastic, and &#97&#108&#101&#114&#116, set goals &#102&#111&#114 themselves, have high self-esteem and internal locus of &#99&#111&#110&#116&#114&#111&#108 will be more &#114&#101&#115&#105&#108&#105&#101&#110&#116. Resiliency factors &#105&#110&#99&#108&#117&#100&#101 nurturing, &#115&#116&#97&#98&#108&#101 &#99&#97&#114&#101&#103&#105&#118&#101&#114 with consistent, but not harsh, disciplinary &#116&#101&#99&#104&#110&#105&#113&#117&#101&#115, positive activities, &#115&#99&#104&#111&#111&#108 success, and prosocial peers.

There is no one &#102&#97&#99&#116&#111&#114 that predicts youth violence. It &#105&#115 the combination of more risk factors and fewer resiliency factors that can make the difference between a child that is dangerous and &#111&#110&#101 who is not. Understanding that, &#97&#108&#108&#111&#119&#115 us to &#112&#108&#97&#110 &#105&#110&#116&#101&#114&#118&#101&#110&#116&#105&#111&#110&#115 to help &#97&#116 &#114&#105&#115&#107 youth.

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